Method for safe operation of steam boilers for steam boxs steam boiler before use, must be checked for damage of the insulating layer, to check the burner is operating correctly, and to check the position of the opening degree of the valve to ensure it is correct. Must be checked for automatic control instruments and equipment safety equipment accessories, equipment, in order to comply with the requirements. Check item prior to ignition of the steam boiler: open valve before oil circulation pump, oil heating valve is opened, adjusted reasonably high level of the tank, the gas pressure is determined before the natural gas burner ignition must be within the range, the power good . Refers to the operation of the steam boiler is refluxed pressure activated device circulating pump, the circulating pump outlet, inlet, outlet, and the system, it is in the normal range. Circulation pump run for 30 minutes. After the stability of the system, the next step. Open the gas tube steam boiler manual valve, button start-up burner, natural gas burner into the furnace, and then the ignition, the flame remains stable, i.e. is in a safe operating condition. In the firing process steam boiler, if you accidentally quenching phenomenon occurs, the device will automatically interlock burner saver appear. It must be promptly cut off the natural gas pipeline to start the furnace purification. Replacement of the residual gas in the furnace and closed. The system load requirements, temperature requirements and thermal oil outlet, the burner can automatically adjust the size of the fire source.
You know how the boiler works? Boiler parameters is a main boiler performance indicators, including the boiler capacity, steam pressure, steam temperature, water temperature and the like. Boiler capacity available rated maximum continuous evaporation or evaporation is represented. Rated evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature and efficiency, the amount of steam per unit time of continuous production. Maximum continuous evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature, per unit time the maximum continuous amount of steam produced. Steam pressure and temperature parameters including steam boilers for steam box, generally refers to a superheater, superheated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the reheater and superheater if no reheater, saturated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the boiler refers. Refers to a water temperature of the economizer inlet temperature, inlet temperature refers drum without economizer. Boilers can be categorized in different ways. Boiler use can be divided industrial boilers, utility boilers, marine boilers and boiler locomotive; by the boiler outlet pressure can be divided into low, medium, high pressure, high pressure, sub-critical pressure, the supercritical pressure boiler; boiler and by water flue gas flow path can be divided into the fire tube boilers, fire tube boilers and water-tube boilers, fire tube boilers and wherein the fire tube boiler and collectively shell boiler; press cycle can be divided into natural circulation boiler, auxiliary boiler cycle (i.e., forced-circulation boilers), and the combined circulation boiler once-through boiler; by combustion, the boiler chamber into the burner, and boiling Stoker furnace. Water vapor system, feedwater heated to a temperature in the heater, the water supply pipe into the economizer, after further heating into the drum, along with the mixing pot of water down to the water wall downcomer inlet header. Radiative heat absorbing soda water formed by the mixture in the riser in the drum reaches the waterwall tubes, the water from the steam separator means, steam separation. The separated saturated steam from the superheater to the upper stream drum, continue to become superheated steam endothermic certain temperature (most of the current 300MW, 600MW unit main steam temperature is about 540 ℃), and then sent to the turbine. In terms of combustion and flue gas system, the air blower into the air preheater is heated to a certain temperature. It is ground to certain fineness in the mill coal, a portion of the hot air from the air preheater carried into the furnace through a burner. Discharging pulverized coal burner and combustion air mixture is mixed with the rest of the hot air in the furnace and release large amount of heat. The hot flue gas flowing through the furnace sequence after combustion, Slag bundle, the superheater, economizer and air preheater, and then through the dust removal device, wherein the fly ash is removed, and finally sent to the chimney by the induced draft fan to the atmosphere.
Fast one side condensing boiler steam condensate integrally advanced technology, with high efficiency, appearance, durable, cost savings, reduced noise, low nitrogen environmental advantages; self-developed by use of flue gas condenser waste heat boiler greatly increased thermal efficiency, while reducing emissions of harmful substances, can save a lot of fuel, compared with ordinary boilers, the average annual fuel cost savings of several million. Fast and well-equipped boiler unique cloud service 3.0 system, through remote monitoring of boiler operation, all-round ensure the safe operation of boiler.
Pressure boilers Products of the non-pressure hot water boiler, also called pressure boilers, boiler usually refers to the top does not bear the water column static pressure of the heating system. That is quite an open hot water tank. Meaning pressure boiler: boiler body opening to the atmosphere. In any conditions, the boiler at the water line are zero gauge pressure boiler. Pressure boilers Model consists of three parts, connected by a hyphen between the parts. Categories: pressure hot water boiler is mainly classified by fuel can be divided into CLDR (CWDR) often piezoelectric hot water boiler, CLHS-YQ (CWNS-YQ) pressure fuel (gas) hot water boilers, pressure coal-fired hot water boilers. Model: The first part of the model by atmospheric pressure boiler code, pot-type code, combustion equipment code, the rated thermal power four sections. Boiler pressure is represented by C code example: CLSG0.35; 95/70; W12 represents a vertical pipe fixed grate boiler pressure, the rated thermal power of 0.35 mW, rated outlet water temperature was 95 deg.] C, the nominal temperature of the water inlet. 70 ℃, burning anthracite class I, a second design of the boiler. Product Structure: The overall structure of pressure boilers and boiler auxiliary equipment including two parts. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Boiler body is in two main parts and drum furnace. Also known as the furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. The solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as fire bed furnace; solid fuel furnace liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the combustion chamber is called the fire chamber burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber; air coal particles burn hold it was boiling, and the furnace is inferior fuel suitable for combustion is called fluidized bed furnace, also called fluidized bed furnace; coal particles so that an air flow rotated at high speed, and strongly called fire cylindrical cyclone furnace hearth. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion. And the natural circulation drum is repeatedly forced circulation boiler receiving feedwater to the economizer, the coupling cycle and supplying saturated steam superheater cylindrical vessel. Simplified drum made from high quality steel plate, is one of the heaviest components of the boiler. Safety knowledge; boiler is a high-temperature, high-pressure thermal equipment, is one of special equipment, widely used in government agencies, public companies and all walks of life, are dangerous and special equipment. Event of an accident involving public safety, it will cause huge losses to the state and people's lives and property. For public safety, people's lives and property safety, according to the State Council, "Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special Equipment", the boiler should use full attention the following matters: 1, should be accompanied by safety technical specifications of the factory boiler design documents, product quality certification, safety and the use and maintenance instructions, supervision and inspection certificate (safety supervision, inspection and performance certificate). 2, boiler installation, maintenance, alteration. Engaged in the installation of the boiler, maintenance, renovation of the unit shall obtain special equipment installation and maintenance certificates issued by the Provincial Quality and Technical Supervision, before engaging in the boiler installation, maintenance, alteration. Construction unit before construction will be prepared for installation, maintenance, alteration in writing inform the special equipment safety supervision and management department of the municipality or district, and will start informing sent to the local county level Quality and Technical Supervision for the record, told immediately after construction. 3, inspection of boiler installation, maintenance, transformation. After construction, the construction unit To State Quality and Technical Supervision of Special Equipment Inspection and hydrostatic testing of the boiler installation supervisory inspection declaration. After passing by the State Quality and Technical Supervision, State Special Equipment Inspection, County of Quality and Technical Supervision involved in overall acceptance. 4, registration boiler. After the boiler inspection, the use of units must be in accordance with the "special equipment registration and use of management rules", fill "boiler (census) Registration Form", the State Quality and Technical Supervision to register and obtain a "registration certificate to use special equipment safety . " 5, operation of the boiler. Boiler operation must be performed by trained and qualified to obtain "special equipment operator certificate" certified personnel to operate, must strictly abide by the rules and eight systems, six record. 6, check the boiler. Periodic inspection of boiler once a year, not be used without safety periodic inspection of boilers. Safety accessories safety valve of the boiler regular inspection once a year, pressure gauge biannually verified, may not be used without the periodic inspection of the safety accessories. 7, non-pressure boilers will be installed for the boiler pressure. Do not use water level gauge, safety valve, pressure gauge three safety accessories insufficiency boiler. Daily operation and maintenance: ⒈ chemical contact, turbine attendant prepare enough desalinated water, oxygen, water passing temperature no higher than the drum wall temperature 50 ℃; Sheung during hot water temperature should not be to the drum wall metal temperature difference greater than 40 ℃ .⒉ new installation or after recording before overhaul boiler Feed expansion departments indicated .⒊ Sheung summer time less than 2 hours, at least 4 hours in winter, when the temperature and Sheung drum wall temperature difference of less than 40 ℃ how reheater be preserved? ⒈ turbine after playing brakes, boilers ensure a blower, an induced draft fan is running the best cross reserved two oil gun .⒉ open reheaters to the empty exhaust steam reheater hydrophobic doors and air doors corrosion, anti-corrosion of the reheater steam temperature is lower than a predetermined deg.] C for 400 .⒊ control drum water level within the permissible range .⒋ preservation time less than 20 minutes after stopping two oil gun operation guaranteed .⒌ when the furnace pressure 50--100Pa, each of the flaps open, baffle for ventilation less than 5 minutes, stop sending, fan, each of the flaps closed tailgate may be appropriate to accelerate Sheung speed.Free Chat
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