Heavy Oil Fired Industrial Steam Boiler

Heavy Oil Fired Industrial Steam Boiler

Boiler cleaning the necessity and significance of the boiler after a long run, the inevitable emergence of scale, corrosion problems, these problems are due to the generation of scale, so that the heat transfer deterioration, resulting in reduced efficacy boiler. It is difficult to achieve nominal evaporation; and since the heat transfer is deteriorated, such that the metal overheating, under pressure boiler, furnace tube bulge occurs even explode; poor thermal conductivity, so that the fuel consumption is increased, increased operating costs, boiler shortened life expectancy. Therefore, the boiler scale, should take the necessary cleaning methods. Of the boiler system operated at optimized state, it must be specialized chemicals treatment of boiler system water system: to remove scale, rust and anti-corrosion treatment: 1 chemical cleaning: adding a chemical cleaning agent to rust in the system , dirt, cleaning oil dispersion is discharged, reduced to clean metal surfaces; 2, routine maintenance: boiler scale inhibitor is added, to avoid rusting of metal, to prevent the crystalline precipitate calcium and magnesium ions. Boiler cleaning in two parts, part of convection boiler tubes, superheater tubes, air heaters, waterwall tubes scale, rust cleaning, i.e. water boiler water treatment, we used the final Li Jing Ling descaling operation, neutral cleaning technology cleaning operation, relatively low cost; cleaning of the part of the outer tube, i.e. the cleaning of the boiler furnace, we used high-pressure water jet cleaning technology, it is possible to achieve good results. 1, the cleaning operation may be neutral at neutral or weak alkalinity (pH 7-12) conditions, the water does not change the operation of the boiler a predetermined state index, do not stop cleaning, cleaning can reduce the loss caused by the stop, this is a the only signs of cleaning. 2, security theory and practice of running the boiler have proven non-erosive, washed acid-free cleaning under neutral conditions, the corrosion rate is less than the water washing of the corrosion rate of the metal, no corrosion damage to the metal. 3, non-toxic and pollution-free operation of the Spirit is a green cleaning products, boiler blowdown COD after its cleaning. BOD. The pH full compliance with national standards. 4, easy to use drugs added to the water supply can be, without a separate professionals, post operator can operate, it can be widely used. 5, a significant saving, the cleaning process in which water is the normal production water, unlike dispensing additional consumption pickling, passivation, and a large number of repeated washing of freshwater resources consumed. High pressure water jet cleaning technology uses water as the medium, so that the water system by special equipment to produce multi-beam, multi-angle, high-pressure water jets of different intensity. Internal cleaning object fouling, plugging, or be completely cut surface adhesion, crushed, pressed and washed in order to achieve complete cleaning. Whatever the fouling deposits, high pressure water jet cleaning device for cleaning, can be completely removed, which considerably metal color. It does not require chemicals, or corrosive flux, safety, and environmental protection. Boiler air preheater, waterwall, superheater, economizer heating surface and the like due to clogging of the exhaust gas temperature, boiler efficiency is lowered, increasing the wind electrical energy consumption; the fan will cause severe blockage afford pulling negative pressure oxygen furnace not enough, boiler forced outage. Using high pressure water jet technology, the cleaning effect is obvious. Equipment from high pressure water pump, water hoses, high pressure gun, special nozzle and other components. Cleaning process: water pressure via a high pressure pump to the 50 ~ 100Mpa, via line transferred to the system actuators work surface, forming a bundle of fine high-pressure water emitted from the nozzle with a high pressure water jet but powerful strike capability, which exit velocity up to 380m / s, the heating surface fouling rinse. The high pressure cleaning technology to clean, easy to adjust, cleaning equipment to be non-corrosive, non-polluting the environment, the effect is obvious characteristics, is an effective and a good way to save money and effort, especially suitable for solving air preheater clogging, severe coking furnace heating surface slagging problems. Generally reduce exhaust gas temperature of 4 to 12 degrees, the main improved reheat steam temperature of 0.5 to 5 degrees, to reduce electrical energy consumption for the wind, and early detection of creeping inflation, under scale corrosion risks, the unit safe and economic operation of very help.

Fuel gas-fired boiler fuel gas-fired boiler product presentation is different from coal-fired boilers, which requires the use of a burner fuel is injected into the boiler furnace using a combustion chamber without the use of fire grate facilities. Because not produce fuel ash after burning fuel gas-fired boiler, fuel gas-fired boiler so without slagging facilities. Oil injected into the furnace, if the gas and air mixture within a certain range, or turned off, it is easy to explode. Therefore, fuel gas-fired boiler combustion required to adopt automation and control systems. Fuel gas boiler compact, small boiler and ventilation, water supply, control and auxiliary equipment are arranged on a distribution box, it may also be assembled and medium-sized factory. Fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve installation points introduce fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve needs to be installed in the correct installation steps, in order to avoid mistakes, resulting in what needs to pay attention to danger, fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve installed it? Here, I introduce: 1 fuel gas boiler safety valve should prevent the lever means and movement of the self-weight limit leverage deviant guide tube, a spring safety valve should lift and handle means for preventing movement of the adjustment screw is screwed lightly . 2. Rated to 0.5t h evaporation boiler fuel gas /, at least two safety valves installed; Rated evaporation 0.5t h or less fuel gas boiler /, mounted on at least a safety valve. The separable exit of the economizer, steam superheater outlet of the safety valve must be installed. 3. Fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve to the boiler tubes, cross-sectional area should not be less than the import safety valve cross-sectional area. If several valves installed together with a short tube directly connected to the drum, short tube passage area not less than 1.25 times the area of ​​all the exhaust valve. 4. Fuel gas boiler safety valve should be installed vertically in the boiler drum, header high position. Between the valve and the drum or header, not equipped with access to the steam outlet pipe and the valve. 5. For rated steam pressure less than or equal to 3.82MPa boiler safety valve throat diameter of not less than 25mm; the rated steam pressure is greater than 3.82MPa boiler safety valve throat diameter of not less than 20mm. 6. Fuel gas-fired boiler safety valve should normally be installed exhaust pipe, exhaust pipe should be through a safe place, and there is sufficient cross-sectional area to ensure the smooth flow of exhaust. Safety valve exhaust pipe at the bottom should be fitted to the safe location of drainage pipe, the exhaust pipe and drainage pipe not allow the installation of the valve.

The control device talk boiler automation instruments in use in boilers, their controls automation instrument is extremely important, we are concerned that today. Evaporation of 4t / h and 4t / h boiler or less. Detecting water gauge, vapor pressure gauges, water pressure gauge, water thermometer, thermometer smoke, steam flow calculation. Oil temperature, oil pressure, oil level indication, computing fuel, furnace exit gas temperature indication. Boiler flue gas oxygen content should have, furnace pressure, economizer import and export water temperature indication. Or continuously adjusting the position feedwater automatic control, automatic adjustment of a combustion boiler burning heavy oil should be automatically adjusted, should there boiler pressure adjusted automatically. Alarm and protection. High and low water level indication and alarm, low water level limit protection, over-pressure steam indication, alarm and protection, flame protection furnace, fuel gas overpressure protection or low temperature alarm and protection. Auxiliary electrical control box, the boiler should be equipped with explosion-proof electrical control equipment. Programmable and others. Drums, Fan, and start and stop the pump interlock control program, drum, fan baffle opening damper indicated, shall be provided with explosion-gas boiler electrical control equipment.

Fangkuai Group has more than 60 independent intellectual property rights, advanced clean fuel boiler manufacturing technology, and jointly established a clean fuel boiler production, research and research cooperation base with Tsinghua University and Xi'an Jiaotong University. An enterprise with a R & D and test center for clean fuel boilers. The thermal efficiency of “Fangkuai” boilers can reach 107%, which has been included in the national special equipment energy-saving catalog. The company developed ultra-low nitrogen full premixed combustion condensing boilers and ultra low nitrogen emission fuel gas boilers, which are developed by the company using Ultran condensation technology.

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