High Efficiency Natural Gas Boilers

High Efficiency Natural Gas Boilers

Problems coal high efficiency boilers gas boiler gas coal problems are: 1, more coal ash, 2, unevenness of coal particles, 3, coal contains a large amount of impurities, 4, a lower heating value of coal, 5 when combustion is not easy to ignite fire, 6, coal moisture content uncertain. 7, does not burn coal, slag high carbon content. In general, use is preferably designed coal boiler design coal or coal close, in order to ensure stable combustion. In recent years due to the growing tension surrounding the coal supply, coal supply has become diversified, coal quality is very different than before coal, have a great impact on the stability of the boiler combustion and normal heating operation. Impact of coal combustion boiler stable for: calorific value of coal is coal reflects an important indicator of good or bad, when the low calorific value of coal to a certain value, will not only affect the incomplete combustion instability and can lead boiler flameout, the outlet temperature of the boiler is difficult to compliance, affecting the normal operation. Volatile combustion and can be deposited at lower temperatures, as the combustion heat, the temperature rapidly increased coke particles, provide an extremely favorable conditions for ignition and combustion, volatiles further increased coke deposition and internal voids and the external reaction area, will help improve the speed of burning coke. Thus, the greater the content of volatile, nonflammable, the less fixed carbon in the coal component, the easier coal burning ember, devolatilization of many voids, increases the surface area of ​​the reaction, the combustion reaction is accelerated. When the volatile content is reduced, pulverized coal ignition temperature significantly increased, the hot increases, difficult fire, ignition time required becomes longer, the combustion stability is reduced, shifting the center of the flame, furnace absorbed radiation heating surface reduce heat, increase the heat absorption of the convection heating surface, the rear exhaust temperature, exhaust loss increases.

The difference of fuel between Oil-fired Boiler and Gas-fired BoilerOil-fired high efficiency boilers refers to the fuel-fired boiler, including diesel oil, waste oil and other oil boilers. The overall arrangement of the oil-fired boiler is similar to that of the coal-fired boiler, except that the bottom of the furnace of the oil-fired boiler is mostly made into the bottom of the insulation furnace with a tilt to the back wall of 10 °~ 30 °, in order to obtain good combustion characteristics. In order to atomize fuel oil, there are two types of fuel burner nozzle: mechanical centrifugal injector and steam atomized Y type injector. The fuel of the oil-fired boiler is the fuel (such as diesel oil, kerosene, etc.). The fuel of the gas-fired boiler is gas (such as natural gas, city gas, biogas, etc.), depending on what fuel the boiler burns. The difference between a fuel-fired boiler and a gas-fired boiler is what kind of fuel burners are used to burn the gas-fired boilers, which are called gas-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers with fuel-fired burners, and oil-fired boilers called oil-fired boilers.

Problematic fired high efficiency boilers (1) Henan small boiler gas boiler should be noted, by the Henan coal into gas boiler, i.e. the original becomes a negative pressure is now slightly positive pressure combustion burner, the furnace must be noted that the structure and the sealing wall problem; (2) prevent explosion of the furnace, a gas fired boiler furnace to Henan, when defective or incomplete combustion of fuel atomization gas in the furnace or heating surface of the end aggregate, fire or explosion occurs, and therefore, in appropriate sites shall boiler explosion vent means, while the control program should be added to the ignition and flame protection device of automatic control, to ensure safe operation of the boiler; (3) the selection and arrangement of the burner close to the furnace in the form of, should the flame in the furnace better fullness without forming dead air; adjacent flame of the burner to avoid mutual interference; low load flame holding in the furnace central position, offset from the center of the furnace to avoid the flame center of symmetry; unburned gas-air mixture is not in contact with the heated surface , to avoid the formation of incomplete combustion gases; hot flame to avoid high-speed heating surface erosion, in order to avoid excessive heating surface so that the wall strength of overheating. Burner arrangement also consider the gas pipe and duct arrangement, easy to operate, inspection and maintenance; (4) Mechanized layered coal-fired boiler, gas boiler to change Henan, first removing its longitudinal arch, taking into account the increase in the bottom heating surface to replace the grate, grate to prevent overheating burn; (5) gas velocity Henan convection heating surface is not limited by the gas boiler ash abrasion conditions, gas velocity can be increased properly, so the convection heat transfer heating surface coefficient increases, without increasing the heating surface of the boiler, can increase the pressure of the boiler, steam-water separation capability should be noted that at this time means the pot to ensure the quality of steam, hot air for the boiler had particularly important.

Recently, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province Environmental Protection Leading Group issued a circular on promoting the transformation of ultra-low emissions and low nitrogen transformation of biomass high efficiency boilerss gas-fired boiler. Resolutely implement - the latest requirements "2018 in Beijing, Tianjin and the surrounding areas in 2019 autumn and winter tackling air pollution comprehensive management action plan" in, and further reduces boiler emissions standards.

Located in urban construction area of ​​biomass boilers to complete the transformation of ultra-low emissions at all before 31 October 2019. After the transformation to achieve ultra-low emissions coal-fired power plants. 6% of the oxygen content of the reference, soot, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides emission concentration of not more than 10,35,50 mg / m. Rear of the boiler can be installed efficient dust removal, desulfurization apparatus or stock updates Ultra Low NOx emissions (nitrogen oxides emission concentration is not higher than 30 mg / m3) gas boiler or an electric boiler.

December 31, 2015 installation of ultra-low nitrogen gas boiler to complete the transformation of the October 31, 2019, after the installation of gas boilers used to complete the transformation of the ultra-low nitrogen October 31, 2020. After transformation of nitrogen oxide emissions concentration up to 30 mg / m. District heating gas boiler discourage updated low nitrogen burners, home improvement flue gas recirculation device to transform the way, is updated to encourage direct ultra-low nitrogen emissions boiler.

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