Recently, Shaanxi Province issued a notice "issued four Battle 2019 program of work". Programs that: improve the mechanism of heating prices, heating prices reasonable development of clean, green electricity implement ultra-low emissions coal-fired power plants, a comprehensive clean canceled preferential tariff class of high energy-consuming industries unreasonable prices and other preferential policies. Off Area ban coal stove, substantially eliminated cogeneration heating pipe network coverage in the range of coal heated oven (furnace).
According to focus on the use of coal and clean use of principles, focusing on reduction of non-coal for electricity, increase the proportion of electricity from coal. Increase Condensing units and cogeneration units technological transformation efforts, speed up the heating pipe network construction, fully release and improve the heating capacity, eliminate coal-fired boilers and scattered inside the pipe network coverage. Actively implement alternative heat source, deadline for shutting down the Guanzhong area below 100,000 kilowatts thermoelectric ratio does not meet the national standard or alternative heat source thermal units. Optimal operation mode cogeneration units, strictly implement the "hot set electricity."
What is different from the integrated hot water boiler and steam boiler there? There are many companies will operate on steam boilers do this relatively high cost of care. After the scene since the late boiler equipment, equipment up and running is a big sum of costs. About enterprise, if choose for their own fuel boilers, boiler fuel efficiency will make use of further progress. Therefore, we demand that the cost of running on several different fuel steam boilers budget to know. Gas: Advantages: clean energy, high thermal efficiency, low cost. Disadvantages: gas adapter constrained condition. Produce one ton of steam costs about 240 yuan (gas prices by 3 yuan / square meter accounting). Fuel: Advantages: no pollution, high efficiency, no fuel constraints. Disadvantages: higher operating costs. About 594 yuan one ton of steam production costs (fuel prices accounted for 9.0 yuan / kg). Electric heating: advantages: no pollution and no fuel constraints. Disadvantages: is a secondary energy, high operating costs, the cost of producing one ton of steam is about 700 yuan (price 1 yuan / degree). Coal: Characteristics: low operating costs. Disadvantages: severe pollution in some areas, the use of restraints, cost of production of one ton of steam is about 150 yuan (coal prices by 1,000 yuan / ton accounting). Heat boiler is an important means to transfer heat to the appropriate fuel equipment, it is now being widely used in industrial production and heating and so on. Popular in the size of the boiler is a steam boiler and hot water boiler both types, many people who only know the boiler heating equipment, but can not tell in detail parting boiler. Today we gave Shandong steam boiler explain what the differences steam boilers and hot water boilers, after all, what! On the surface, we can understand heating hot water boilers and steam boiler heating method chosen is not the same, but the distance between the hot water boiler and steam boiler Moreover, detailed in what areas? The different output media we literally can be seen, the medium is hot water output from the boiler, medium boiler steam output of the steam. First, the user can according to their demand for the output media, choose the appropriate boiler. Different steam boiler space occupied by a high pressure vessel, through steam forming water is heated after the completion of the vapor compression heating, and the area of the pressure vessel by the use of less water boiler is an unpressurized vessel by virtue of heat temperature of the water to complete the heating, hot water boilers professional usually occupied by a larger location, but better able to complete the non-selection of the pressure vessel safety are better able to ensure the safety of those who use. Because the size of different heating and heat storage capacity of water vapor from a large, high-volume hot water boiler and thus be able to choose long-distance transport of heat pump delivery lost less able to complete large-scale transport of hot water requirements. The steam boiler because the steam freezes faster, so in the long-distance transport can lead to sudden drop in water temperature, so the size of two kinds of heat supply boiler equipment can withstand different. Heating steam boiler at different speeds when using the heat generated as the water transpiration and thus burn calories in order to ensure the needs of large steam generation, and thus the temperature rise faster fever faster speed; hot water boiler heated water to ensure that the temperature of the water in the use of Yung heat better, thus better able to maintain the heating heat.
The reason you must know the problems of energy consumption boiler (boiler exhaust gas temperature) produce exhaust gas temperature of the boiler problem (1) shift the center position on the furnace flame, the exhaust gas temperature rises a multi-burner into the upper interlayer with the wind unreasonable . b upper stoker coal excessive. c burner tilt position shifted, resulting in the shift of the center position of the flame. d burner auxiliary throttle opening degree command deviations, lack of oxygen, pulverized coal combustion delayed. e a high-pressure fan outlet, wind speed is too large, the pulverized coal combustion furnace into the shift position. f leakage boiler, the furnace excess air factor export. g coal is too thick, ignition and slow combustion reaction. h low volatile coal, high ash, high moisture, ignition difficulties, to delay the combustion. i mill outlet temperature is low, the air entering the furnace temperature was lowered powder mixture, combustion delay. (2) When the boiler "four leak" for plugging, resulting in a superheater, reheater or economizer to reduce heat transfer area. (3) the supply air temperature is high. (4) high flue gas dew point temperature. (5) soot blowing equipment investment is not normal. (6) heating surface coking, fouling. (7) The air preheater ash fouling, heat transfer efficiency is lowered. (8) strict quality control, internal heating surface junction. (9) low water temperature.
What is the main danger steam boiler? The main danger emergency steam boiler 1, surveillance, hazard control boiler steam boiler regular inspection tours, and monitor pressure, water level, temperature and combustion conditions to control the boiler operating conditions. And to take timely measures to ensure safety. 2, the processing operation of the steam boiler in special circumstances: (1) water shortage phenomenon: When the boiler water, the water level below the water table level limits not visible, low water level alarm emits an alarm, bell lights, low interlocking means so that the water level blower, fan, etc. closure operation; boiler exhaust gas temperature rise, a serious lack of water, lake taste top coke production, the door can be seen from the red-hot waterwall tubes, tube deformation or even explosion pipe, can be heard blasting sound, smoke and steam discharged from the door to see the fire door. Treatment: When judged as a serious water shortage, should an emergency shutdown, non-serious water shortage boiler water to the boiler. Immediately stopping the supply of fuel, the wind stops blowing weakened, the front portion of the coal grate furnace Pa, the maximum switch the grate, combustion slag hopper falls quickly, with irrigated off, after extinguishing the fire, stop the wind, open ash door, the door to promote accelerated cooling. Note: Do not feed water to the boiler, shall take measures to prompt blood pressure, prevent the accident, to refrain from watering methods to the furnace fire put out the fire. (2) boiler overpressure phenomenon: a sharp rise in steam pressure, exceeds the allowable working pressure gauge pointer over the "red line", the safety valve, the pressure is still elevated, issued overpressure alarm, steam temperature and steam flow rises cut back. Processing: weakened rapidly burning, manually open the vent valve or safety valve, to increase the water supply, sewage increase (normal water level at this time to keep the boiler), thus reducing the temperature of the boiler water a boiler drum pressure decrease. (3) boiler tube phenomenon: the waterwall tubes blasting significant audible pops or jet sound, until the furnace by the combustion pressure becomes the negative pressure combustion, flue gas and steam and has viewed from the fire door, the door does not close, etc. discharge, although the water supply amount is increased, but difficult to maintain the normal water level and the pressure reduced, the amount of water to abnormally greater than the amount of steam, the exhaust gas temperature decreases, the chimney white smoke, the furnace temperature is reduced, or even extinguished, water flow out of the bottom of the boiler. Treatment: furnace tube rupture is not serious and can maintain the water level when the accident not to expand, may reduce short-term load operation, serious burst pipe and the water level can not be maintained, must be an emergency shutdown. But the wind should not stop, should continue to Sheung Shui, lower wall temperature. Such as: lack of water wall overheating, while burst pipes, emergency shutdown should be prohibited to the boiler feed water, the withdrawal of the furnace over the fire as soon as possible, reducing the furnace temperature, reducing the degree of superheating boiler. (4) steam boilers will produce full of water, such as priming scene of the accident, should take timely and effective measures to eliminate given. (5) boiler operation, in the event when one of the following circumstances, should immediately shutdown :( a) boiler water level below the lowest water level gauge visible edge; (b) increasing water supply and other measures, but the water level continued to decline; (iii ) boiler water level exceeds the highest visible level, the drainage can not see the water level; (iv) to pump all the water system failure or malfunction, not bottled water to the boiler; (e) all of the water table or valve failure; (vi) is set in a stripping all space gauge failure; (vii) damage the boiler element and endanger the safety of operating personnel.Free Chat
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