The inlet speed of gas-fired hot-water boiler before start-up should not be too fast, usually no less than 4 hours in winter, and 2-3 hours in other seasons, especially in the initial stage of water intake. The inlet temperature of a gas-fired hot water boiler is generally 50 °C, so the difference between the feed water temperature and the steam wall temperature in the drum is less than 40 °C. For gas-fired hot water boiler, the inlet water temperature can be equal to that of steam drum wall without complete cooling, otherwise the inlet water speed should be slowed down. When feed water enters the drum, it always first touches the lower part of the drum. If the difference between the feed water temperature and the drum wall temperature is too Large, the inlet speed is fast, and the upper and lower walls of the drum, the inner and outer walls will have a large expansion. Bad, on the drum caused a lot of additional stress, resulting in drum deformation, serious cracking. Due to the thickness and slow expansion of the drum wall, the tube wall connected to the drum wall is thinner and expands faster. If the inlet temperature of the gas-fired hot water boiler is too high or the inlet speed is too fast, the expansion will be uneven, the welded joint will appear cracks and the gas-fired hot water boiler will be damaged. The inner diameter of the decompression tube is usually φ 7~13mm (water and steam), and its length should not be too long (< 60m). Straightness of pressure pipe If the diameter is too small and the length is too long, it will affect the dynamic transmission of pressure measurement and increase the dynamic error. The inner diameter is too large to be easily maintained and installed. Pressure pipes should not be placed in the horizontal part to prevent the accumulation of bubbles (when measuring liquids) and water columns (when measuring gases). The pressure tap shall be perpendicular to the flow of the medium. Pressure faucet must not have chamfer, flange and burr. When measuring the hydraulic pressure of an electrically heated large industrial steam boiler, the pressure outlet should be removed from the lower part of the pipe to prevent the gas in the liquid from entering the pressure guide pipe; When measuring the gas pressure, remove the pressure splice from the upper part of the pipe to prevent dust and dust in the gas The droplets enter the ignition line. The installation site of the electric heating steam boiler pressure gauge (pressure transmitter) should meet the environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, vibration, etc.) used by the instrument, and should be easy to observe, repair and ensure safety. Insulation should be laid on pressure pipes in high temperature media to avoid burning during flushing. Pressure lines are equipped with needle valves (for cutting off pressure in the event of pressure line failures during operation), auxiliary needle valves (for use with instruments, stopping, replacement), condensing coils and elbows (isolation elastic elements from high-temperature media), Easy to install sealing gaskets) as well as sewage valves and sewers. For special pressure measurements, it's still pressing. Install discharge valve, isolation room and so on in the force pipe.
Recently, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province, announced the embodiment of combustion facilities out of the transformation of coal-fired boilers. Continued efforts to implement air pollution control operations, blue sky to win the battle to raise the overall urban air quality, promote the construction of beautiful Dongguan.
Program execution object: the end of 2018 or for the gas central heating has been completed and all coal-fired boilers, furnaces, stove and other combustion facilities within the region.
Remediation program goal: to complete the gas before the end of 2018 has been for central heating or combustion facilities have been built out of regional coal-fired boilers and other renovation work. among them,
1, 2018 May 31, the gas supply has been built up, or central heating coal-fired boilers and other combustion facilities within the region, incorporating the first period regulation, must be completed before the phase-out renovation work in October 2018 31
2, June 2018 period from 1 July to 31 December 2018 for gas central heating area is built up or coal-fired boilers and other combustion facilities within the scope of the regulation into the second period, to be completed by 31 December 2018 out of the transformation.
Program remediation requirements:
1, the boiler must get out of the transformation of the city of Quality and Technical Supervision issued by the migration, retirement, cancellation of certificate or change a new boiler fuel use permit after; furnace, stove eliminated after the transformation of environmental protection must apply the change.
2, central heating is completed, it must use natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity and other clean energy combustion facilities outside the area out of coal-fired boilers, etc. after the transformation continued use.
3, central heating boilers planning area must use the central heating (gas) after the completion of the heating zone, will not have the heating conditions can use natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity and other clean energy as a transition.
4, into the "scattered pollution", high pollution and high emissions from industrial boilers and enterprise-wide to be eliminated.
5, for failure to complete boiler or eliminated within the rectification period, the Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau in accordance with the requirements of relevant laws and regulations and strict enforcement of its Municipal Quality Supervision Bureau will be canceled.
Classification accuracy of gas large industrial steam boiler and hydraulic machines with precision introduce gas steam boiler and hydraulic classification of a gas steam boiler By Type 1, an industrial gas steam boiler: heating and for industrial production and so on. Most of the parameters for the low, low capacity boilers, the fire bed combustion and thermal efficiency is relatively low. 2, power station boilers: mainly for power generation. Most high-parameter, large-capacity boiler, firebox and allow more efficient combustion. 3, the ship's boiler: a marine power. Such boilers generally low parameters, fuel oil, the requirements of small size, light weight, easy to move more. 4, locomotive boiler: The main use of locomotive power. Lower overall parameters are small capacity boilers, fire bed combustion, requires compact, movable. Two gas steam boiler in accordance with the kind of the working fluid and an output state classification can be divided into: 1, the steam boiler: the working fluid is steam outlet. 2, hot water boiler: hot water as the working fluid outlet. 3, special working fluid boiler: export of special working fluids, such as certain organic matter. Three outlet gas steam boiler in accordance with the pressure of the working medium can be divided into: 1, pressure boiler: the outlet steam pressure 14MPA (140kgf / cm). 2, high-pressure boiler: the outlet steam pressure 10MPA (100kgf / cm). 3, sub-pressure boiler: the working fluid outlet pressure of 2.5MPa. 4, pressure in the boiler: the outlet steam pressure of 3.9MPa (39kgf / cm). 5, supercritical pressure boiler: outlet steam pressure is about 25MPa (about 250kgf / cm). 6, subcritical pressure boiler: outlet steam pressure of 17MPa (170kgf / cm?). 7, low-pressure boiler: the outlet refrigerant pressure (gauge pressure) is less than or equal to 1.3MPa (13kgf / cm). Accuracy of the hydraulic machine, determines the precision of the parts. However, only static accuracy to measure the level of accuracy of press is not very accurate. This is because the size of the mechanical strength of the press itself has a great influence on the punching accuracy. If the strength of the press itself is low, the machine will be modified such that the pressure at the instant of Ao punching pressure is reached, so that, when the above-described conditions in a static tune even good, also since the strength of the deformation caused by the sample bed, differences occur. This indicates that the accuracy of the press and has a lot of strength, and the magnitude of the intensity of the work has a great influence on the press, so that high-precision parts and punched continuous strong cold stamping, the accuracy must be selected high, and the rigidity of the press.
Pressure boiler furnace designed to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel pressure boilers body member are two main drum and furnace. Also known as the furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. The solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as fire bed furnace; solid fuel furnace liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the combustion chamber is called the fire chamber burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber; air coal particles burn hold it was boiling, and the furnace is inferior fuel suitable for combustion is called fluidized bed furnace, also called fluidized bed furnace; coal particles so that an air flow rotated at high speed, and strongly called fire cylindrical cyclone furnace hearth. The overall structure of pressure boilers and boiler auxiliary equipment including two parts. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion. And the natural circulation drum is repeatedly forced circulation boiler receiving feedwater to the economizer, the coupling cycle and supplying saturated steam superheater cylindrical vessel. Simplified drum made from high quality steel plate, is one of the heaviest components of the boiler.Free Chat
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