Oil Steam Boiler Horizontal

Oil Steam Boiler Horizontal

What are the precautions in the loading and installation of gas-fired steam boiler horizontals?

Gas-fired steam boilers are a very wide range of special equipments, widely used in food, chemical, paper, textile, construction and other industries. In the process of loading and installing a gas steam boiler, some problems must be paid attention, otherwise it may cause a certain degree of economic loss.

1. Pay attention to the following matters during the loading and unloading and handling of gas-fired boilers: the lifting capacity of the lifting equipment should match the weight of the lifting boiler. The lifting lug on the boiler with the lifting lugs that cannot be used for lifting can not be used for lifting. The length of the steel cord should be reasonably selected to avoid the scratching of the furnace due to the improper length of the steel cord. The boiler must be protected from any damage during handling and handling.

2. Reserves for maintenance space When installing boilers, ensure that there is sufficient maintenance space around the boiler.

3. Setting and precautions for the base and base of the gas steam boiler The boiler body must be installed on the basis of 100-150mm above the floor of the boiler room. It must be confirmed with the technical personnel of the boiler manufacturing company in advance and constructed according to the basic drawings. The anchor bolts must be reserved on the foundation. The foundation shall be capable of withstanding the maximum weight of the boiler and the amount of water it holds. When installing the base, you must first position it. After positioning, adjust to the same length of the two diagonals of the base, and then tighten all the fixing bolts. The installation of the base is carried out with reference to the reference line.

4, general precautions Be careful not to tilt and impact the boiler and accessories too much. No combustibles can be placed around the boiler. Do not use oil and water to smother the boiler. The boiler should normally be installed in a separate boiler room. The new gas-fired boiler room should not be connected to the house. The boiler room shall not be connected to Class A, Class B and Category C fire hazard rooms using flammable liquids. If connected to other production plants, the application firewall is separated.

5. The fire resistance grade and fire protection requirements of the boiler house building shall comply with the requirements of the Code for Fire Protection of Building Design and the Code for Fire Protection Design of High-rise Civil Buildings. The ground of the gas steam boiler room should be flat, non-flammable, no water accumulation, and the foundation load should meet the requirements. The power supply voltage of the gas steam boiler room should be stable to avoid causing the electrical components to burn out. If the voltage is unstable, it is recommended to install a voltage regulator. Ventilation equipment should be installed in the boiler room, and the boiler should be kept at room temperature below 50 °.

Combustion Adjustment of dual-use oil and gas boilers (Skills) boiler firing was successful, the load can be adjusted to normal operation. At this point, we should always observe the furnace combustion, if there is a bad oil and gas atomization, beating the flame, the flame hit the furnace and the exhaust gas temperature is too high or too low and so, it is timely for oil pressure, oil temperature, of steam, wind, air pressure, steam pressure hanging line adjustments to ensure safe and economic operation of the boiler. Size and load size of hydraulic, pneumatic boiler related to the oil pressure adjusted by adjusting the back pressure or fuel burner to achieve the size, by adjusting the air pressure to achieve the degree of opening of the valve. Adjust the amount of oil, air pressure adjustment load, at the same time, air volume control, must be synchronized to ensure a reasonable match of oil and the amount of wind, so as to achieve economic operation of the boiler. 1, the combustion method of determining boiler fuel gas: C02 content is determined from the flue gases and excess air ratio (1) the combustion quality (2) determines the length of the flame from the combustion quality (3) from the flame color and smoke color determination 2 is good or bad combustion, fuel combustion boiler adjustment method: the normal combustion, furnace flame stability was white orange, generally rumble, or if the flame beating abnormal sound, should adjust the fuel and air volume. If the adjusted still no improvement, it should identify the cause flameout, the measures to be taken and re-ignition.

Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, is one of the countries and determined implementation of the regional focus of the Battle of Blue Sky. In order to improve air quality in the city of Wenzhou, improve people's livelihood well-being, for the governance of air pollution, Wenzhou City, developed and introduced the "winning Blue Sky Battle action plan" (hereinafter referred to as "embodiment"), give the city the power to defend "Wenzhou blue." Program 2020, in Wenzhou PM2.5 average concentration is maintained at 35 micrograms / cubic meter (city maintained at 31 micrograms / cubic meter), air quality control over the ratio of the number of days of 90% (93% city control ), severe weather and pollution more effectively controlled.

"Plan" also lists the specific implementation timetable: by 2020, the basic completion of provincial trunk pipeline construction, the basic realization of natural gas every county, the city's natural gas consumption amounted to 570 million cubic meters. In principle, to new natural gas cogeneration and gas chemical projects. By 2020, the city's total coal consumption decreased by 5% compared with 2015, accounting for the proportion of total energy consumption fell to 42.8% or less.

There are several types of "big coal" will be gradually phased out, including environmental protection, energy, security and other non-compliance of 300,000 kilowatts coal-fired units, 10 steam tons / hour and tea furnace coal-fired boilers, around the built-up area , operating a stove, grain storage and drying equipment, coal-fired facilities, more than 10 steam tons / hour and 35 steam tons / hour of coal-fired boilers. Before the end of 2020, 300,000 kilowatts and above thermoelectric coal-fired boilers and small coal-fired thermoelectric backward within the range of 15 km radius of the heating and power plants all closed down integration.

Steam boiler pressure gauge and hydraulic accumulator Henan fast boiler's steam boiler horizontal introduce small series with a pressure gauge and hydraulic accumulator steam boiler pressure gauge should pay attention to: 1, rated steam pressure of less than 2.45MPa steam boiler , not only the accuracy of the pressure gauge to 2.5; rated steam pressure 2.45MPa promoter or equal to a boiler, the pressure is too spread made not less than 1.5. Dial gauge diameter of not less than 100mm, in order to ensure the operation of the operator to see the surface of the pressure value shown. 2, should draw the red line on the dial gauge steam boiler, he pointed out that the maximum allowable working pressure. 3, the steam boiler pressure gauge should be provided at a convenient place to observe and purging, and to prevent the high temperature affected, freezing and vibration. 4, steam boiler pressure gauge should check at least every six months once the check should seal. 5, the pressure gauge connection tube steam boiler should leaks steam leakage phenomenon, otherwise it will reduce the pressure instruction value. 6, a steam boiler gauge scale element should be compatible with the measured working pressure, the working pressure is usually 1.5-3 times, preferably 2 times. When no steam boiler gauges, pressure gauges or pressure damage did not meet the requirements of the apparatus, boiler steam pressure gauges of the following circumstances, should stop using: 1, the surface glass breaking or blurred dial scale; 2, no seals , damage or seal verification period exceeded; 3, no pressure gauge pointer finite bit staple staple can not be restored to the limit at infinite set of bits from zero gauge pressure exceeds the pressure data bits garment allowable difference?; 4, the jump table or a pointer leak; 5, other effects gauge accurate defect. The use of the accumulator: the accumulator for a hydraulic accumulator system intermittent mechanical, hydraulic fluid may be stored in the actuator output when a batch or a low speed, and the actuator requires a large flow of fast-moving, as an auxiliary energy providing oil to the system together with the hydraulic pump, oil pump and thereby achieve miniaturization of the entire hydraulic system, to achieve the object of absorbing the impact energy sudden change fast opening and closing valve and the hydraulic load, the system generates a pressure shock, pet cause vibrations and noise, and even damage the machine. The accumulator can be alleviated, which absorb fluid shock absorber pressure pulsation absorbing accumulator, and reducing the pressure pulsation and flow pulsations of various pump, thereby reducing system noise and vibration. Having a damping effect of the gas spring accumulator, it can be used to absorb the mechanical vibrations between the body and the traveling wheel of the vehicle and the like. The accumulator can be balanced upright actuator (hydraulic cylinder) and gravity load decreases when the potential absorption into hydraulic energy store, while generating the rate-limiting resistance; upright when the actuator rises, releasing the original absorbing energy accumulator , together with the pump oil to the hydraulic cylinder, in order to achieve balance and energy.

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