Since Prime Minister Li Keqiang in the "five" proposed "Blue Sky Wars," after the strategic plan states that China provinces and cities are doing to improve environmental protection. Jilin Provincial People's Government recently issued a "Jilin Province to implement the winning Blue Sky Battle three-year action plan to implement the program," coal-fired units will conduct a comprehensive reform.
Jilin Provincial People's Government recently issued a "Jilin Province to implement the winning Blue Sky Battle three-year action plan to implement the program" (hereinafter referred to as the "Program") said that before the end of 2018, the province's 300,000 kilowatts or more coal-fired units completed ultra-low emissions transformation. Continue to promote the 200,000 kilowatts class ultra low emission coal-fired unit renovation project, before the end of 2019, ultra-low emissions and strive to transform the province's total unit capacity of thermal power capacity of more than 75%.
"Program" also proposed to complete the transformation of ultra-low emission electricity generation units appropriate to increase the number of hours. Vigorously for shutting down environmental protection, energy consumption, safety and other 300,000 kilowatts coal-fired units of non-compliance. Coal-fired generating units to increase the technological transformation efforts, speed up the heating pipe network construction, fully release and improve the heating capacity, eliminate coal heating boiler pipe network coverage and the range of loose coal. In areas do not have the cogeneration district heating conditions, the existing multiple small coal-fired boilers, alternative construction of large-capacity coal-fired boilers in accordance with the principle of equal volume. Before the end of 2020, within a 15 km radius of 300,000 kilowatts of heating and cogeneration power plant above range, in the case of cogeneration heating load to meet the heating needs, in addition to the need to retain the peaking boiler, coal-fired heating boilers and small coal-fired thermoelectric behind all closed down integration.
In addition, long-term control of total coal consumption in accordance with planning requirements, Jilin Province, to continue to reduce the amount of coal consumption, coal consumption in new coal projects to implement alternative reduction, by 2020, reduce the proportion of coal accounting for the province's total primary energy consumption to 63% the following. According to focus on the use of coal and clean use of principles, focusing on reduction of non-power coal, increase the proportion of electricity from coal, the state-assigned task is completed, the province's electricity by 2020, the proportion of thermal coal coal consumption reached more than 55%.
In the future, the province will carry out a comprehensive environmental aspects of governance, economic development and environmental protection go hand in hand.
Gas boiler precautions required during installation methods, or steps :( a) a foundation base of the boiler should be provided is determined according to the local soil, manufacturers design reference by the civil sector again. After reaching the base strength boiler, the boiler should drawings inspection and acceptance, and to draw the whole boiler three reference lines: a, longitudinal reference line - drum center or the center of the combustion apparatus. b, lateral reference line - the center of the front axle or chain grate slag centerline of the machine. C, elevation reference line - can be selected from a number of locations about four weeks, respectively, on the basis of the marking, the relative offset between the markers should not exceed 1mm. Furnace in place. After assembly the lower part of the boiler in place first, then the upper assembly large, the upper and lower portions need to find a combination of two positive pads firmly, should be both inside and outside the two casting. Installation location and size deviation test methods according to GB50273 "boiler installation engineering construction and acceptance" implementation. (B) lifting the boiler, during lifting, should be suspended on a lifting lug drum boiler ready large, the boiler on a foundation base coincides with the pre-drawn reference line. The longitudinal centerline of the boiler and the foundation, the deviation is not more than 3 mm, and the inclination with the center line of the drum hammer correction, allowing the central drum inclination is not larger than 5 mm, otherwise use horns foundation base and the junction pad level. Maximum level (c) Installation of boiler network (1), water supply conduit installation requirements typically require as backup pool below the normal water level line of the boiler, so as not to shutdown, boiler feedwater flowing into a large number of drainage caused to start the next . At the outlet of the tank (i.e., an inlet feed line) should be installed wire screen. (2), a main steam line installation requires the main steam lead pipe straight run section should be more than 0.5 m, the bending radius should be 4-5 times the diameter of the pipe, the trap should be fitted at the lowest line in order to prevent water hammer pipe, while to be reliable insulation. (3), the safety valve should be installed in the valve installation requirements after the hydrostatic test, the safety valve shall be fitted exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe of the safety guide outside the boiler house, allowed valving the exhaust pipe. (4), mounting a lower water table level table downcomer must access a safe place, Hancock rotating flexible water table, not leaking, water table must be installed to the lighting device, easy to observe. (5), a pressure gauge mounting means so that when the scale gauge vertical plates, should be painted red gauge scale to show the maximum allowable pressure boiler, rotating flexible plug gauge, not leaking, water flow, pressure gauges insulation prohibited. (Iv) the boiler chimney installation requirements, when lifting the chimney, the chimney should be straight, horizontal direction lead length should not be too long, generally less than 5 meters, the height of the chimney should comply with relevant national standards. To add chimney rain cap, the weight of the chimney should not fall directly on the boiler chimney take over the host. Installation (e) combustion system: 1, according to the combustion system of FIG power line control circuit, a control signal line and the control line is electrically connected, the program should be installed reliable ignition and flame failure protection devices. Combustion process controller provides a separate set of contact start-stop control. May be formulated in a variety of burner start-stop loop cascade control relay 10A is a fuse, relay start-stop control stops the control terminal may be connected to the burner, may directly control the power of the burner. Both constant pressure sensor, water power, fuel, gas pressure set value is detected after the automatic controller opens. Time pressure sensor, water supply, oil, gas, and their detection circuit, alarm and found the problem immediately shutdown flame protection, the controller automatically displays the point of failure, an alarm sounds machine.
Talk about the overall structure of the furnace boiler boiler boiler and auxiliary equipment, including two parts. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Boiler body is in two main parts and drum furnace. Today, we are concerned that the furnace boiler. Also known as boiler furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. It solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as the fire-bed furnace. Solid fuel liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the furnace fire chamber may be referred to as a combustion chamber of the burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber. The coal particles and air hold it was boiling point of combustion, the furnace and adapted called inferior fuel combustion fluidized bed furnace, known as a fluidized bed furnace. An air flow so that the coal particles rotated at high speed, and strong burning furnace called cylindrical cyclone furnace. Boiler furnace cross-section is generally square or rectangular. Combustion fuel to form a flame in the furnace and high temperature flue gas, so the hearth around the furnace wall is made of refractory material and insulation material. On the inner surface of the wall of the furnace waterwall tubes often laid, it will not burn both protect the furnace wall, and absorb a large amount of radiation heat of the flame and the high temperature flue gas. In addition, the furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion.
What are the overall structure of the boiler boiler structure includes two major boiler and auxiliary equipment. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Boiler body is in two main parts and drum furnace. Also known as the furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. The solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as fire bed furnace; solid fuel furnace liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the combustion chamber is called the fire chamber burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber; air coal particles burn hold it was boiling, and the furnace is inferior fuel suitable for combustion is called fluidized bed furnace, also called fluidized bed furnace; coal particles so that an air flow rotated at high speed, and strongly called fire cylindrical cyclone furnace hearth. The furnace cross-section is generally square or rectangular. Combustion fuel to form a flame in the furnace and high temperature flue gas, so the hearth around the furnace wall is made of refractory material and insulation material. On the inner surface of the wall of the furnace waterwall tubes often laid, it will not burn both protect the furnace wall, and absorb a large amount of radiation heat of the flame and the high temperature flue gas. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion. And the natural circulation drum is repeatedly forced circulation boiler receiving feedwater to the economizer, the coupling cycle and supplying saturated steam superheater cylindrical vessel. Simplified drum made from high quality steel plate, is one of the heaviest components of the boiler. The main function of the water storage drum, a steam separator, brine and water excluded pot sludge in operation, to avoid the boiler water containing a high concentration of salt and impurities entering with the steam superheater and a steam turbine. Internal drum means comprises a moisture separator and a steam cleaning apparatus, water distribution pipes, sewage and dosing equipment. Wherein the effect of soda is separated from the water wall by means of saturated steam and water to leave, and to minimize the steam carried fine water droplets. Low pressure boiler used as a crude flap and slit baffle separating element; above except pressure in the boiler is widely used for various types of rough separation cyclone, but also with blinds, steel mesh plate or the like are vapor further separation. The drum is also equipped with water gauges, safety valves and other monitoring and protection facilities. In order to improve the design and performance assessment, often have to go through boiler thermal balance test. Direct methods to calculate the thermal efficiency of the boiler is called n-efficient use of energy balance, the heat loss from a variety of methods to counter the counter balance called computational efficiency. When considering the practical benefits of the boiler room, boiler thermal efficiency not only look, but also taking into account the energy consumed by the auxiliary boiler. Fuel per unit mass or unit volume of complete combustion, calculated according to the chemical reaction called the theoretical air quantity of air required. In order to have more opportunities to the fuel in contact with oxygen in the furnace combustion, the actual amount of air into the furnace is always greater than the theoretical air amount. While air can be reduced into a multi incomplete combustion heat loss, but the heat losses will increase, also exacerbate corrosion of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides generated. We should therefore seek to improve combustion technology, as small as possible in order for the excess air ratio in the furnace so that complete combustion. Dust contained in the boiler flue gas (including carbon black and ash), sulfur and nitrogen oxides are air pollutants, which can achieve emissions targets environmental regulations when unpurified indicators several to several tens of times. These substances emissions control combustion pretreatment, improved combustion techniques, dust removal, desulfurization and denitration. By means of a high chimney stack can reduce the concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere of the area. Flue gas dust removal force used gravity, centrifugal force, inertial force and acoustic adhesion, static electricity and the like. Is generally used for separating coarse particles gravity settling and inertial force, centrifugal separation is often used dust bag filters and electrostatic precipitators having a high dust removal efficiency at higher capacity. Wet venturi - water film adhering water film droplet precipitator ash, high collection efficiency can absorb gaseous pollutants. Since the 1950s, people strive to develop the comprehensive utilization of ash, harm into. The manufacturing cement, bricks and building materials such as concrete aggregate ash. Since the 1970s and from the fly ash cenospheres extracted as a fire-resistant insulation and other materials. Future development will further improve boiler thermal efficiency of boilers and power plants; reduce equipment cost per unit of power boilers and power plants; enhance operational flexibility and level of automation of the boiler unit; develop more varieties to suit different boiler fuel; and improve boiler unit the reliability of operation of the auxiliary equipment; reduce environmental pollution.Free Chat
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